The role of prosody in affective speech



Publisher: Peter Lang in New York, NY

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 691
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Subjects:

  • Language and emotions,
  • Emotive (Linguistics),
  • English language -- Versification,
  • French language -- Versification

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

StatementSylvie Hancil (ed.).
SeriesLinguistic insights -- v. 97
ContributionsHancil, Sylvie.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsBF582 .R65 2009
The Physical Object
Paginationp. cm.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL23208370M
ISBN 109783039116966
LC Control Number2009016419

Shapiro BE, Danly M. The role of the right hemisphere in the control of speech prosody in propositional and affective contexts. Brain Lang. May; 25 (1)– Ross ED, Mesulam MM. Dominant language functions of the right hemisphere? Prosody and emotional gesturing. Arch Neurol. Mar; 36 (3)– Ross ED. The aprosodias.   Prosody is often pivotal in signaling speaker attitudes or stance in the interpersonal context of the speaker-hearer; in contrast to the vocal communication of emotions, the significance of prosodic cues serving an emotive or interpersonal function is often dependent on the type of speech act being made and other contextual-situational parameters. ‘Consequently, we need to scrutinize next the role of prosody, as well as the role of the word, syllable, and phonotactic nature of children's speech.’ ‘Although older adults have greater difficulty than younger adults when the rate of speech is more rapid, use of prosody remains largely unaffected by age.’. facial expressions, the prosodic properties of speech also provide a rich source of information about an individual’s affective state. In addition to PEPS-C Affect Reception subtest, the present study used the Child Paralanguage subtest of DANVA 2 to assess perception of affective prosody in typically developing year old children.

“The prosody of public speech” should be seen in the perspective of the significance given to the areas of speaking style variation and expressive speech during the last decades. The shift from read-aloud to spontaneous speech, and conversation in particular (e.g. Couper-Kuhlen, ) has also contributed to new insights into aspects of.   Callosal integration is necessary to produce articulate speech with appropriate affective prosody that is temporally coherent. 20,48,49 The left hemisphere must apprise the right hemisphere of what words will be articulated and their rate in order for the proper application of stress and intonation to be delivered, and the right hemisphere must. Given the multiple roles of prosody in signaling grammatical information, we investigated use of grammatical-prosodic information at both the syntactic and lexical levels. First, we examined older adults’ capacity to utilize prosody to determine sentence modality (interrogative, declarative or imperative). As in the affective-prosodic task. This paper explores the importance of preconceptual meaning in speech and music, stressing the role of affective vocalizations as a common ancestral instrument in communicative interactions. Speech and music are sensory rich stimuli, both at the level of production and perception, which involve different body channels, mainly the face and the voice. However, this bimodal approach has been.

The latter feature is resembled by the variability of the F0 (also named fundamental frequency of pitch) (SD F0). To extract this feature, Emotional Prosody Measurement (EPM) was developed, which consists of 1) speech recording, 2) removal of speckle noise, 3) a Fourier Transform to extract the F0-signal, and 4) the determination of SD F0. distinguish between linguistic prosody, involved in communicating semantic and syntactic information, and affective prosody, involved in conveying emotions and affective states of the speaker, often enriching the expressive-ness and social interactive aspect of communication. Sensitivity to prosody in others’ speech and the ability to use prosody. prosody definition: 1. the pattern of rhythm and sound in poetry 2. the rhythm and intonation (= the way a speaker's. Learn more.

The role of prosody in affective speech Download PDF EPUB FB2

The goal of this volume is to present a collection of papers illustrating state-of-the-art research on prosody and affective speech in French and in English.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part focusses on the sociolinguistic parameters that can influence the manifestation and the interpretation of affective speech in prosody.

ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: pages: illustrations ; 23 cm: Contents: Introduction / Sylvie Hancil --Sociolinguistic variables --The Ethological Basis of Certain Signals of Affect and Emotion / John J.

Ohala --Intercultural Perception of English, French and Japanese Social Affective Prosody / Takaaki Shochi, Albert Rilliard, Veronique Auberge, Donna.

The goal of this volume is to present a collection of papers illustrating state-of-the-art research on prosody and affective speech in French and in English. The volume is divided into two parts.

The first part focusses on the sociolinguistic parameters that can influence the manifestation and the interpretation of affective speech in prosody.

In their search for acoustic correlates of affective speech, production studies have identified the principal role of speech prosody; more precisely, such prosodic features as fundamental.

The Role of Prosody in Affective Speech Bearbeitet von Sylvie Hancil 1. Auflage Taschenbuch. Paperback ISBN 3 6 Format (B x L): 15 x 22 cm Gewicht: g schnell und portofrei erhältlich bei Die Online-Fachbuchhandlung ist spezialisiert auf Fachbücher, insbesondere Recht, Steuern und Wirtschaft.

(English) In: Abstract book: Fifth International Conference on Cognitive Hearing Science for Communication,p.article id 60 Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed) Abstract [en] Prosody offers a unified expression domain for affective and linguistic communication.

Affective prosody (e.g., anger vocalization) reflects pre-cognitive processes. 2 KEYWORDS: Understanding, Expressive Speech Acts, Prosody, Situational Context, Children. ABSTRACT Purpose: This study was aimed at determining the role of prosody and situational context in children's understanding of expressive utterances.

Which one of these two cues will help children grasp the speaker's intention. Prosody — The role of prosody in affective speech book rhythm, stress, and intonation of speech — provides important information beyond a sentence's literal word meaning.

For example, prosody provides clues about attitude or affective state: The sentence "Yeah, that was a great movie," can mean that the speaker liked the movie or the exact opposite, depending on the speaker's intonation.

Role of Prosody in Affective Speech, Paperback by Sylvie, Hancil (EDT), ISBNISBNLike New Used, Free shipping. The reconstruction of the prosody of a dead language is, on the face of it, an almost impossible undertaking.

However, once a general theory of prosody has been developed from reliable data in living languages, it is possible to exploit texts as sources of answers to questions that would normally be answered in the laboratory.

Prosody is known to play a broad role in marking the pragmatic implications of speech acts (Pell, ;Wilson and Wharton, ) and can be used in various ways to infer a speaker's interpersonal.

Discuss the role of prosody (i.e. rhythm and intonation) in language acquisition, from early sound perception to sematic and syntactic development.

From muffled sounds heard within the womb to singing our favorite songs by memory, we humans have the astounding ability to acquire language. Linguistic prosody can focus the listener’s attention on the most grammatically salient words, while affective prosody can reinforce the semantics of the message.

Mehler and Christophe () summarized evidence that infants as young as six months of age can distinguish between different languages on the basis of prosodic cues for utterances.

Prosody is also important in signalling emotions and attitudes. When this is involuntary (as when the voice is affected by anxiety or fear), the prosodic information is not linguistically significant. However, when the speaker varies her speech intentionally, for example to indicate sarcasm, this usually involves the use of prosodic features.

The role of voice quality and prosodic contour in affective speech perception Ioulia Grichkovtsova, Michel Morel, Anne Lacheret To cite this version: Ioulia Grichkovtsova, Michel Morel, Anne Lacheret. The role of voice quality and prosodic contour in affective speech perception.

Speech Communication, Elsevier: North-Holland,54 (3), pp Children with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) are frequently noted in the literature as having disordered prosody.

Prosody refers to intonation, stress pattern, loudness variations, pausing, and rhythm. We express prosody mainly by varying pitch, loudness, and duration. We also may use greater articulatory force to emphasize a word or phrase.

We explore the usage of voice quality and prosodic contour in the identification of emotions and attitudes in French. For this purpose, we develop a corpus of affective speech based on one lexically neutral utterance and apply prosody transplantation method in our perception experiment.

Purpose This study was aimed at determining the role of prosody and situational context in children’s understanding of expressive utterances. Which one of these 2 cues will help children grasp the speaker’s intention.

Do children exhibit a “contextual bias” whereby they ignore prosody, such as the “lexical bias” found in other studies (M. Friend & J. Bryant, ).

In Experiment 2, affective priming effects were observed neither at the behavioral nor electrophysiological level. The results of this study indicate that both affective music and speech prosody can prime the processing of visual words with emotional connotations, and vice versa.

The results show an affective priming effect between emotional prosody and emotional words independent of lexical carriers of the prosody. Learned acoustic patterns in speech (e.g., emotional prosody) map directly to social concepts and representations, and this social information influences the spoken word recognition process.

Finally, affective prosody serves more global func-tions than those subserved by the prior two forms. Af-fective prosody includes both the modal register of the individual’s personal speech style, as well as the changes in register used for varying social functions (e.g.

This book illustrates an approach to prosodic typology through descriptions of the intonation and the prosodic structure of thirteen typologically different languages based on the same theoretical framework, the 'autosegmental-metrical' model of intonational phonology, and the transcription system of prosody known as Tones and Break Indices (ToBI).

speech prosody in speech synthesis: modeling and generation of prosody for high quality and flexible speech synthesis (prosody, phonology and phonetics) by keikichi hirose, jianhua tao **brand new**.Seller Rating: % positive.

The role of the right hemisphere in the control of speech prosody in propositional and affective contexts. Brain and Language, 25,19– Crossref Medline Google Scholar. Affect perception refers to the ability to accurately perceive, interpret and process emotional expressions in others. 7 Prosody is a nonlexical component of speech and is divided into stress prosody, which entails decisions about semantic meaning and affective prosody, which communicates information about the emotional state of others.

This book introduces foundations of vocal examined emotions and the vocal expressions of affective states are included. Theoretical aspects of emotions in the human voice are, incorporating both historical perspectives as well as new theoretical approaches.

Vocal aspects of affective states are approached from many points of view and linked with affective dimensions and categories. Prosody and Affective Computing. Batliner, Anton / Biersack, Sonja / Steidl, S.: "The prosody of pet robot directed speech: evidence from children", paper Trouvain, Jürgen / Schmidt, Sarah / Schröder, Marc / Schmitz, Michael / Barry, William J.: "Modelling personality features by changing prosody in synthetic speech", paper The ultimate aim of the book is to offer a complete state of the art on prosodic development that allows the reader to grasp the literature from an interdisciplinary and critical perspective.

This volume will be of interest to scholars and students of psychology, linguistics, cognitive science, speech therapy, and. Prosody refers to the melodic and rhythmic aspects of speech. Two forms of prosody are typically distinguished: ‘affective prosody’ refers to the expression of emotion in speech, whereas ‘linguistic prosody’ relates to the intonation of sentences, including the specification of focus within sentences and stress within polysyllabic words.

Four chapters in this book deal with the effects of infants’ perception of. prosody as a bootstrapping mechanism for these milestone abilities in language development. In Chapter 2, “Early perception of phrasal prosody and its role in syntactic and lexical acquisition”, de Carvalho, Dautriche, Millotte, and.

Background: Research on sentence- or phrase-level pitch (intonation) production and perception in brain-damaged populations has traditionally been guided by the assumption that intonation is a dichotomous phenomenon with discrete affective and linguistic categories.

To date, however, no strong evidence has emerged in support of this notion. Aim: The current paper is an attempt to caution that.Two studies investigated adults' use of prosodic emphasis to mark focused words in speech to infants and adults. In Exp 1, 18 mothers told a story to a mo-old infant and to an adult, using a picture book in which 6 target items were the focus of attention.

Prosodic emphasis was measured both acoustically and subjectively. In speech to infants, mothers consistently positioned focused words.The Role Of Prosody Of Oral English Words | 6 Pages. Brown () explains that from the view of understanding ordinary spoken English, the failure to move outside the basic elements of prosody of oral English must be observed as catastrophic for any learner who wants to .